FOUR AUTHENTIC LOG CABINS FOR RENT
So much to be thankful for!
Speedwell was a 60-ton pinnacle that, along with Mayflower, transported the Pilgrims ... The two ships began the voyage on 5 August 1620
One of the first – and probably the most famous – group of emigrants leaving Holland for the New World were not Dutch at all. On 22 July 1620 the Speedwell set sail from Delfshaven to Southampton. On board was a group of English puritans, living in exile in The Netherlands, and now leaving for America. In Southampton, the Speedwell was joined by the Mayflower, and the two ships left together, with destination America. Twelve years earlier, in 1608, a group of English puritans fled the religious oppression of England and, after a short spell in Amsterdam, settled in Leiden, Holland, where they were free to practice their religion. The congregation in Leiden was not really a success. On the one hand, they enjoyed the freedom the Dutch republic offered and some of them did quite well economically. On the other hand, a considerable part of the group was unable to find employ in the city, hampered by their rural backgrounds and the language barrier. After nearly a decade, the puritans decided to leave Holland again, triggered by the economic hardship of a part of the group, the fear of eventual assimilation of their small group into Dutch society and religion, and the wish to be missionaries, to spread the (puritan view of) the gospel. To America the decision to leave was probably made in 1617, but they did not leave for another three years. The first group left on the Speedwell, sailing from Delfshaven to Southampton, where they were joined by another group, still living in England, sailing on the Mayflower. Though the two ships left together for America, the Speedwell did not get any further than Plymouth. It seemed to be unfit for the ocean journey, and most passengers boarded the Mayflower. After a difficult journey, they finally reached Cape Cod in November 1620. The departure from Delfshaven must have been quite a spectacle. The pilgrims had gathered there the day before (including many that stayed behind). They spent the night together in prayer and singing hymns. After a prayer of their pastor John Robinson and an emotional parting, the Speedwell set sail, accompanied by gun salutes, waved farewell by their friends from Leiden and probably quite a few Delfshaven locals.
Mayflower Steps, situated on the Barbican, Plymouth, Devon, England
One of the first – and probably the most famous – group of emigrants leaving Holland for the New World were not Dutch at all.
Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882)
The Royal Citadel built in 1665, was the most important English defense for over 100 years with its 70 foot high walls. It was built over the earlier Plymouth Fort as a defense against a threatened Dutch invasion. It has been regularly strengthened over the years, particularly during the 1750's when it was equipped with 113 guns, and is still in use today by the military.
The Mayflower was the ship that transported English Separatists, known today as the Pilgrims, from Plymouth in England to the New World There were 102 passengers, and the crew is estimated to have been about thirty, but the exact number is unknown. This voyage has become an iconic story in some of the earliest annals of American history, with its story of death and of survival in the harsh New England winter environment. The culmination of the voyage in the signing of the Mayflower Compact was an event which established a rudimentary form of democracy, with each member contributing to the welfare of the community.